#1 Don’t wait: Write

idea ———> write paper ———–> do research

#2 Identify your key idea

your narrative flow:

a. Here is a problem
b. It’s an interesting problem
c. It’s an unsolved problem
d. Here is my idea
e. My idea works (details, data)
f. Here’s how my idea compares to other people’s approaches

Structure (Conference Paper)

a. Title ( 1000 readers)
b. Abstract ( 4 sentences, 100 readers)
c. Introduction ( 1 page, 100 readers)
d. The problem ( 1 page, 10 readers)
e. My idea ( 2 pages, 10 readers)
f. The details (5 pages, 3 readers)
g. Related work (1-2 pages, 10 readers)
h. Conclusions and further work (0.5 pages)

The Introduction ( 1 page)

1. Describe the problem
2. State your contributions
…and that is all


Use an example to introduce the problem

“Consider this program, which has an interesting bug. < brief description >. We will show an automatic technique for identifying and removing such bugs”

Write the list of contributions first.
The list of contributions drives the entire paper: the paper substantiates the claims you have made.
Reader thinks “gosh, if they can really deliver this, that’s be exciting; I’d better read on”

Your introduction makes claims.
The body of the paper provides evidence to support each claim.
Check each claim in the introduction, identify the evidence, and forward-reference it from the claim.
“Evidence” can be: analysis and comparison, theorems, measurements, case studies.

So, the first page is like specifications and rest is like implementations.

Abstract 4 sentences
Introduction 1 page
The problem 1 page
My idea 2 pages
The details 5 pages
Related work 1-2 pages
Conclusions and further work 0.5 pages.

Putting the reader first

Do not recapitulate your personal journey of discovery. This route may be soaked with your blood, but that is not interesting to the reader.
Instead, choose the most direct route to the idea.


1. Don’t wait: write
2. Identify your key idea
3. Tell a story
4. Nail your contributions
5. Related work: later
6. Put your readers first(examples)
7. Listen to your readers

Research is live love. It doesn’t finish by giving it to other, instead its increases…